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Flora

With over 500 species of flora, Statia is a haven for botanical enthusiasts. This page is a continuous and painstaking work in progress. Thanks to the tireless work of Dr. Frank Axelrod who visits Statia a few times a year, we have a better of idea of the flora of the island - keep checking back for regular updates

By family:

Acanthaceae


Ruellia sp.



Blechum pyramidatum



Justicia eustaichensis



Justicia sessilis


Aizoaceae


Sesuvium portulacastrum


Amaranthaceae



Celosia cristata



Achyranthes aspera
- the Devil's Horsewhip



Amaryllidaceae




Hippeastrum puniceum



Zephyranthes candida



Anacardiaceae



Anacardium occidentale


   
Comocladia dodonea, locally known as Poison Ash due to its ability to cause a severe skin irritation in some people



Mangifera indica - Mango flowers



Annonaceae


Annona squamosa - Sugar Apple



Apocynaceae




Catharanthus roseus - Periwinkle



Calotropis procera



Carissa grandiflora


       
Matalea maritima



Tabernaemontana citrifolia



Tabernaemontana
sp.



Araceae



Antherium grandifolium - Monkey Tail


   
The leaves and bract of Philodendron giganteum - Elephant Ear



Philodendron sp.



Asparagaceae



Asparagus setaceae - Asparagus fern



Asteraceae


   
Emilia fosbergii



Tridax procumbens



Wedelia calycina


   
Wedelia
sp.



Ageratina adenophora



   
Ageratum conyzoides



Bigoniaceae



Jacaranda mimosifolia



Tabebuia heterophylla



Tecoma stans



Crescentia cujete
- Calabash



Boraginaceae


   
Bourreria succulenta


       
Heliotropium angiospermum



Bromeliaceae



Billbergia pyramidalis



Catopsis floribunda



   
Tillandsia fasciculata


   
Bromelia humilis


   
Pitcairnia angustifolia


   
Tillandsia recurvata



The seeds of Tillandsia utriculata


   
Werauhia ringens



Burseraceae


   
Bursera simaruba - locally known as the Gum tree



Cactaceae


Cereus hexagonus

       
Hylocereus trigonus


       
Melocactus intortus



Opuntia cochenillifera



Opuntia dillenii


   
Opuntia triacanthos


               
Pilosocereus royenii


Cannabaceae

 


Capparaceae


   
Capparis cynophallophora - Black Willow


   
Capparis flexuosa


   
Capparis frondosa


   
Capparis indica



Caricaceae



Carica papaya - Papaya tree



Celastraceae



Clusiaceae


   
Clusia major



Colchicaceae



Gloriosa superba



Commelinaceae



Commelina erecta



Convolvulaceae


   
Parasitic Cuscuta americana - locally known as Yellow Death or "Love Love"



Ipomoea quamoclit - Cypress Vine



Ipomoea sphenophylla - endemic Statia Morning Glory



Jacquemontia pentanthos


   
Jacquentia solaniflora



Merremia dissecta



Ipomoea triloba




Cucurbitaceae



Momordica charantia



Cycadaceae



Zamia furfuracea



Cyperaceae



Erythroxylaceae


       
The flowers and fruits of Erythroxylum havanense



Euphorbiaceae



Acalypha hispida - Chenille plant


   
Croton flavens


   
Croton astroites 



   
Euphorbia tithymaloides - Lady's Slipper


       
Hura crepitans - Sandbox tree, whose flowers are sexually dimorphic


   
Jatropha gossypiifolia - Pandou


       
Ricinus communis - Castor plant


       
The leaves, flowers and fruits of Tragia volubilis - Stinging Nettle



Fabaceae - Caesalpinioideae



Delonix regia - Flamboyant tree


   
Guilandina bonduc



Hymenaea courbaril
- Stinking Toe tree


       
Senna bicapsularis


   
Tamarindus indica
- Tamarind tree



Fabaceae - Faboideae


       
Abrus precatorius - Jumbie Beads (seeds are highly toxic if ingested)



Canavalia rosea




Centrosema virginianum - the aptly-named Lady's Vulva



Indigofera suffruticosa



Fabaceae - Mimosoideae



Leucaena leucocephala - Tan Tan, an extremely invasive species


       
Pithecellobium unguis-cati - Golden Shower



Inga laurina


   
Mimosa pudica



Flacourtiaceae


   
Samyda dodecandra



Gentianaceae



   
The leafless Voyria aphylla


Heliconiaceae




Heliconia caribaea



Lamiaceae



Clerodendrum aculeatum - Prickly Myrtle



Leonotis nepetifolia



Krameriaceae

   
Krameria ixine



Lauraceae





Malpighiaceae


   
Byrsonima spicata


   
Malpighia emarginata
- Suriname Cherry; the fruits are edible (and delicious)


   
Heteropterys purpurea


   
Stigmaphyllon emarginatum



Malvaceae


       
Ceiba pentandra - Silk Cotton tree



Gossypium barbadense - Cotton



Hibiscus cannabinus



Melochia tomentosa


   
Quararibaea turbinata


   
Theobroma cacao



Triumfetta semitriloba



Melastomataceae



Clidemia hirta



Meliaceae



Azadirachta indica



Moraceae




Ficus citrifolia



Myrsinaceae


   
Ardisia obovata



Myrtaceae


           
Eugenia ligustrina - locally known as Blackberry. The fruits are sweet and juicy; excellent for juice



Myrcia citrifolia - Blueberry



Pimenta racemosa - Bay tree


   
Myrcia splendens




Nyctaginaceae



Pisonia aculeata



Pisonia subcordata



Casearia decandra




Olacaceae


   
Chionanthus compactus



Orchidaceae


           
Brassavola cucullata


   
Epidendrum anceps


       
Epidendrum ciliare
- Eyelash orchid


       
       
Epidendrum difforme complex


       
Mesadenus lucayanus


       
Invasive Oeceoclades maculata


   
Ornithidium coccineum
- sickly-looking plant may have dropped off its stump


       
Polystachya concreta - overlooking the Quill crater


       
Psychilis correllii, which unfortunately for me favours sheer cliff faces


   
Prescottia oligantha


       
Tetramicra canaliculata


   
Tolumnia urophylla
- Dancing Lady



Papaveraceae



Argemone mexicana



Passifloraceae


   
Passiflora foetida



Passiflora suberosa



Passiflora
sp.



Pentaphyllaceae


   
Ternstroemia peduncularis



Piperaceae


   
Peperomia myrtifolia



Plantaginaceae



Russelia equisetiformis



Plumbaginaceae



Plumbago sp.



Poaceae



Polygonaceae



Antigonon leptopus - an invasive creeper that covers around 20% of the island


   
Coccoloba ufivera - sea grape



Pontederiaceae




Eichornia crassipes



Rhamnaceae


   
Colubrina arborescens



Rubiaceae



Alibertia sp.


   
Chiococca alba


   
Hillia parasitica



Morinda citrifolia


   
Randia aculeata



Rutaceae



Triphasia trifolia



Zanthoxylum martinicense


Salicaceae



Santalaceae



Mistletoe, species undetermined



Sapindaceae


   
Dodonea viscosa



Melicoccus bijugatus


Sapotaceae



Scrophulariaceae




Solanaceae




Brugmansia x candida



Capsicum annuum



Species to be determined



Solandra longiflora


   
Datura inoxia




Theaceae




Theophrastaceae





Thymelaeaceae




Turneraceae



   
Turnera ulmifolia



Urticaceae



Cecropia shreberiana


   
Pilea sedimentata


   
Urera caracasana



Verbenaceae



Citharexylum spinosum



Lantana involucrata



Lantana
sp.


   
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis



Vitaceae



Xanthorroeaceae




Aloe vera



Zygophyllaceae



Guaiacum officinale
- Lignum vitae - Tree of life